The berbers were Morocco’s original inhabitants .the Arabs arrived at the end of the seventh century,after sweeping across North Africa and the Middle East in the name of their new revolutionary ideology,Islam.Eventually, nearly all the berbers converted to the new religion and were immediately accepted as fellow Muslims by the Arabs.when Muslim armies invaded the lberian peninsula from Morocco,the bulk of the troops were Berbers, and the two ethnic groups pretty much assimilated.Today ,most Moroccans can claim both Arab and Berber ancestors, though a few (especially Shereefs,who trace their ancestry back to the Prophet Mohammed,and have the title”Moulay”)claim to be “pure”Arabs.But in the Rif and Atlas mountains, and in the Souss Valley,groups of pure Berbers remain , and retain their ancient languages(Tarfit, spoken by about 1.5m people in the Rif;Tamazight, spoken by over 3m people in the Atlas; and Tashelhait, spoken by 3_4m people in the Souss Valley region). Recently,there has been a resurgence in Berber pride(often symbolized by the Berber letter ).TV programmes are now broadcast in Berber languages, and they are even taught in schools,but the country’s majority language remains Arabic.

Pictures of Arabs and Berbers